is the most ancient tool or weapon created by the mankind. The basic
function of the axe is to chop. The first axe did not have a haft. And was a
molded stone. Gradual variations made it the most favored weapon.
An axe has a strong and sturdy handle with a blade at its one end. It can
be a single blade or a double blade. The blade and the shaft both were metal
but the shaft could be a wooden pole. The shaft was preferred long so as to
maintain maximum distance between the head of the axe and the holders hands.
The earliest axes of the stome age were probably not even hafted. The
hafted axe belong to the mesolithic and neolithic age when they were used to
fell trees. These axe blade were made by grinding the stone. Brich tar, raw
hides and antler sleeve were used for hafting. The battle or T axe were a
The medieval European axe was a favorite war weapon. The use of axes can be
seen in the most ancient civilizations of The Egypt and India. The Axe is
considered to be the weapon of Yamraj, the lord of death in Hindu Mythology.
The axe was at one time a status symbol.
Battle Axe :
or a war axe is a generic name given to the fighting axe. These axes are
bigger than normal axes. They are two handed and two headed. The blade size
is also larger. The blades are highly sharpened this large size makes the
weapon effective in slashing and chopping.
Because of its size and weight greater skills were required to handle a
fighting axe. These were common in Medieval Europe. These axes of war were
very effective when it came to crushing the armor.
A battle axe represents the roots of Indo European culture. Here the bronze
age people are called battle axe people because of the importance of axe. It
is of great importance in Amazonian Cultures. There were certain rituals
carried on by the women with battle as the centre figure. The two heads of
the battle axe represent the waxing and the waning moon.
Throwing Axe :
axe is narrower and lighter than the battle-axe. It had to be well balanced
weapon. Most of the throwing axe are single headed. They can be used as a
hand held weapon also.
As a handheld weapon it was a deadly weapon. It could cut through the
armors and shields. These axes when thrown could disrupt the opposition and
allow the advance in a shield wall.
Viking axe and tomahawks are throwing axewith variations.